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Ozone Layer relation to health

How does this relate to public health?

Exposure to ultraviolet (UV) rays from the sun (shortwave radiation) is said to cause 65% to 90% of melanoma of the skin, which accounts for three-fourths of all skin cancer deaths.1,2 Additionally, the sun’s UV rays can also cause cataracts and other damage to the eye.3 On the other hand, exposure to UV rays impacts vitamin D circulation, which is said to be a protective factor against colon or rectum cancer.4

1Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Basic information about skin cancer. April 24, 2012. <http://www.cdc.gov/cancer/skin/basic_info/> Accessed November 17, 2012.

2National Cancer Institute. Skin cancer. (n.d.) <http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/types/skin> Accessed January 27, 2012.

3World Health Organization. Ultraviolet radiation and human health. December 2009. <http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs305/en/index.html> Accessed November 17, 2012.

4Portier CJ, et al. 2010. A human health perspective on climate change: a report outlining the research needs on the human health effects of climate change. Research Triangle Park, NC: Environmental Health Perspectives/National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences. doi:10.1289/ehp.1002272 <www.niehs.nih.gov/climatereport> Accessed November 17, 2012.

Last modified date: Tuesday, August 13, 2013 - 8:44am